Navajo Families Displaced by Peabody Energy
Region: Black Mesa Plateau, Four Corners: Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
Peabody Energy coal mining operations on the Black Mesa plateau of the Four Corners region in the western United States began in the 1960s and continues today. The plateau overlaps the reservations of the Navajo and Hopi Tribes.
Controversy arose from an unusually generous mineral lease agreement negotiated under questionable circumstances between the Tribes and Peabody Energy, the coal company's use and degradation of a potable source of water to transport coal via a pipeline from the mine to a power plant hundreds of miles away, and the forced relocation, public health and environmental impacts of strip mining on tribal lands.
Tribes are seeking Repartitions from the Peabody Corporation in their bankruptcy case. Peabody Energy declared bankruptcy in April 2016, triggering land rights use disputes going back to the 1974 Navajo and Hopi Settlement Act Public Law 93-531
Peabody Energy Corporation is a coal company. The company's segments include Powder River Basin Mining, Midwestern U.S. Mining, Western U.S. Mining, Australian Metallurgical Mining, Australian Thermal Mining, Trading and Brokerage, and Corporate and Other. Its Powder River Basin Mining operations consist of its mines in Wyoming. Midwestern U.S. Mining operations reflect the company's Illinois and Indiana mining operations. Western U.S. Mining operations reflect the aggregation of the New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado mining operations.
Black Mesa Trust was founded in 1999 by the Hopi people to address the severe environmental impact and destruction that Peabody Coal Company’s water withdrawals (from the Navajo Aquifer) were having on the environment, and the cultures of the Hopi and Diné (Navajo) people living on Black Mesa. Over 30 years of groundwater pumping by Peabody has weakened the water pressure and the aquifers, causing many of the springs and washes to dry up.
Black Mesa Trust
Black Mesa Indigenous Support
Black Mesa Water Coalition
The Guardian - Cultural Survival: Cultural Survival advocates for Indigenous Peoples' rights and supports Indigenous communities’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience since 1972.
Tribes: Hopi, Navajo/Diné
Tags: Four Corners, coal, water, livestock impoundment, grazing rights, land dispute, arizona, tucson
Former Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt once characterized the
Lower Colorado River Basin, and its water resources as “the last waterhole.”
This characterization aptly describes the Central Arizona Project (“CAP”), and the role that CAP water supplies have played in the settlement of Indian water claims in Arizona over the past twenty-five years.
Tohono O’ogham Community Action
Since 1996, TOCA has been dedicated to creating a healthy, culturally vital and sustainable community on the Tohono O'odham Nation. We invite you to explore our work, our community, and the traditions of the Tohono O’odham – the People of the Desert.
Website : http://www.tocaonline.org/
Tribe: Tohono' O'odham