Black Mesa, Big Mountain Resisters to PL 93-531

Black Mesa, Big Mountain Resisters to PL 93-531

Black Mesa, Big Mountain Resisters to PL 93-531
Issue: Hopi Partitioned Land, Grazing Rights, Homesteading, Coal Mining

In the interest of mining companies like Peabody Energy, the  Navajo and Hopi Settlement Act Public Law 93-531 was enacted in 1974. It was a federal relocation policy which drew an arbitrary line down the center of Black Mesa, splitting it between the two tribes. Navajos living on Hopi land were forced to relocate, as were Hopi living on Navajo land.  Ultimately, more than 12,000 Navajos were forced from their homes, compared to just 100 or so Hopis. It was the largest forced relocation since the 1880s.

In 1996 the remaining Dine’ (Navajo) known as resistors, were granted the right to stay on the land that they’ve occupied for generations — as long as they signed a 75-year lease and agreed to abide by Hopi laws. At least seven families refused to sign.

Dineh families are still resisting this forced removal and living under restrictive relocation laws. Despite years of resistance against the federal government to repeal the relocation law, US-backed laws continue to deny the Dineh the right to live on their homeland as they see fit, and to preserve their traditional way of life. Sections of this land have since been mined for billions of tons of coal, uranium and natural gas by Peabody Energy, and is heavily impacted by pollution.

Ways that the Dineh/Navajo families are impacted by “Hopi- Partitioned Lands” include the strangling of the community’s economic viability by denying the younger generations a right to reside with their parents and grandparents. The repartitioning of the land has left many families with a gap of services that provide essential human needs.

The Hopi Rangers and Bureau of Indian Affairs agents used military tactic operations to conduct livestock impoundment of Dineh/Navajo sheep, goats and cattle. They are forced to pay as much as $1000 to have their herds released and the rangers/agents refuse to transport them back to people’s homes.

Dineh families living on the “Hopi Partitioned Lands” are required to gain permission from the Hopi Tribe for their own invited guests.

The Navajo Nation refuses to help the people who are resisting relocation openly.

How can you help?
If you are able to come and be a human rights observer and sheep herder for the Blackrocks or any of the other families who are on the front lines resisting resource colonialism please email us at


Black Mesa Indigenous Support
Indigenous Youth 4 Cultural Survival

Numbers to Call:

Bureau of Indian Affairs superintendent Wendel Honanie :   (928) -738-2228

Hopi Rangers Clayton Honyumptewa : (928) 734-3601,

Hopi Charmain Herman G.Honanie, 734-3102

Navajo Nation President Russell Begaye: (928) 871-6352 (928) 871- 6353

Department of Interior (602-379-6600)

Tribes: Hopi, Dineh, Navajo

Tags Coal Mining, Uranium, Arizona Peabody, Sacred Land, Livestock Impoundment, Water Rights, Homesteading, Pollution, Grazing Rights

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